Frequently asked questions
What is Coronavirus?
Coronaviruses form a vast family of viruses that can be pathogenic in animals or humans. It is known that several coronaviruses in humans can cause respiratory infections that range from simple colds to more serious diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). The last coronavirus that was discovered is responsible for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).
What is COVID-19?
COVID-19 is the infectious disease caused by the last coronavirus that was discovered. This new virus and disease were unknown prior to the outbreak in Wuhan (China) in December 2019. COVID-19 is now pandemic and affects many countries around the world.
What are the symptoms of COVID-19?
The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, dry cough and fatigue. Some patients have pain, nasal congestion, sore throat or diarrhea. These symptoms are usually mild and appear gradually. Some people, although infected, have only very discreet symptoms. Most (about 80%) of people heal without the need for treatment in a hospital setting. Approximately one in five people contracting the disease has severe symptoms, including dyspnea. Seniors and those with other health problems (high blood pressure, heart or lung problems, diabetes or cancer) are more likely to experience serious symptoms. However, anyone can get COVID-19 and get seriously ill. Even people with very discreet symptoms can transmit the virus. Regardless of age, anyone who has a fever, coughs and has difficulty breathing should consult a doctor.
How to protect against COVID-19?
Stop Coronavirus at MaliTo protect yourself and protect others, let's take these simple gestures every day.Wash your hands very regularly with soap and water several times a day or use a hydro-alcoholic solutionWear a mask in the presence of other people or in public places Coughing or sneezing in one in the fold of the elbow or disposable handkerchief and throw it in a trash binSalute without shaking hands or kissingAvoid touching the facePut at least 1 m between yourself and others Stay home to minimize the risk of contamination
How do you protect in services?
This pandemic is a reality in Mali and everyone can protect them.To protect yourself and your colleagues and others, adopt these simple gestures every day.Wash your hands very regularly with soap and water or use a hydro-alcoholic solution, every time you enter or leave your officesWear a mask in the presence of your colleagues or visitorsWear gloves if you regularly handle objects or other elements of ostrich such as documents, money, work tools... Prefer stairs to elevators if your health permits while avoiding touching the wall or ramps of stairsCush or sneeze in the elbow or in a handkerchief single use and throw it in a trash can immediatelyGreet your colleagues without shaking hands or bracesPut at least 1 m between yourself and your colleagues during your interactions, discussions or meetingAvoid touching shared objects such as drinking glasses, door handles and windowsRegularly disinfect places common such as, meeting rooms, toilets, refectories or cafeterias, vehicle interiors, door and window handles, stairs ramps, tables, desks Ventiate your desks by opening windowsPreference remote meetings or teleworking to reduce your contacts
What are the official sources of COVID-19 information in Mali?
Among others free call 36061 http://www.sante.gov.ml/
How does COVID-19 spread?
COVID-19 is transmitted by people carrying the virus. The disease is mainly transmitted from person to person through respiratory droplets expelled through the nose or mouth when a sick person coughs, sneezes or speaks. These droplets are relatively heavy, do not travel long distances and quickly fall to the ground. COVID-19 can be contracted if these droplets are inhaled. That is why it is important to stand at least one meter from other people. These droplets can be found on objects or surfaces around the sick person (e.g. tables, door handles and ramps). COVID-19 can then be contracted if you touch these objects or surfaces and then touch the eyes, nose or mouth. Therefore, it is necessary to wash hands regularly with soap, water or hydroalcoholic solution. WHO is reviewing ongoing research on how COVID-19 is spreading and will continue to communicate the updated results.
Can COVID-19 be contracted in contact with a person who has no symptoms?
COVD-19 is mainly spread through respiratory droplets expelled by people who cough or have other symptoms, such as fever or fatigue. Many people with this disease have only discreet symptoms. This is especially true in the early stages of the disease. It is therefore possible to get COVID-19 in contact with someone who has, for example, only a mild cough but does not feel sick. According to some information, asymptomatic people may transmit the virus. It is not yet known how often this happens. WHO is reviewing ongoing research on this issue and will continue to provide updated results.
What if I have been in close contact with someone who has COVID-19?
If you have been in close contact with someone who has COVID-19, you may be infected. It is considered that there has been close contact if you live with a sick person or if you found yourself within a metre that person. In these cases, it is best for you to stay at home. However, if you live in an area where malaria or dengue fever occurs, it is absolutely necessary to consult a doctor in case of fever. When you go to a health facility, wear a mask, stay at a distance of at least one meter from other people and do not touch the surfaces with your hands. Help sick children also follow these tips.If you do not live in an area where malaria or dengue fever occurs, do the follows:If you have symptoms, even very discreet, such as mild fever and pain, you need to isolate yourself in your home.If you have symptoms, isolate yourself and monitor the evolution of your condition Even if you think you have not been exposed to COVID-19.It is very important to isolate yourself early as the probability of infecting others is higher in the early stages of the disease, while the symptoms are discrete.If you do not have symptoms but have been exposed to an infected person, place yourself in quarantine for 14 days.If COVID-19 is confirmed after a test, isolate yourself for 14 days, even after symptoms disappear, as a precaution. It is not yet known exactly for how long people remain infectious after healing. Follow the national self-isolation instructions.
What is self-isolation?
Self-isolation is an important step that must be taken by people with COVID-19 symptoms to avoid infecting others in their surroundings, including family members.Self-isolation is for a person who has a fever, coughs or other symptoms of COVID-19, to stay at his or her own residence and not to go to the workplace, school or public places. This self-isolation can be voluntary or respond to a doctor's recommendation. However, if you live in an area where malaria or dengue fever occurs, it is absolutely necessary to consult a doctor in case of fever. When you go to a health facility, wear a mask, stay at a distance of at least one meter from other people and do not touch the surfaces with your hands. Help sick children also follow these tips.If you do not live in an area where malaria or dengue fever occurs, do the follows:People who are seriously ill (who need medical attention) should not isolate themselves from their own initiative.Settle alone in a large, well-ventilated room from which you can Easily access a washbasin to wash your hands and toilets.If this is not possible, place each bed at least one meter away from each other.Stick to at least one meter from other people, even members of your family.Monitor daily for symptoms.Isolate yourself for 14 days even if you feel like you're in Good health.In case of difficulty breathing, contact your doctor immediately, calling him first if possible.Keep morale by staying in touch with the people you love, by phone or online, and exercising at home.
What if I do not have symptoms but think I have been exposed to COVID-19? What is self-quarantine?
Self-quarantine is, even if you have no symptoms, to get away from others because you have been exposed to COVID-19. During self-quarantine, you need to monitor the course of symptoms. The goal of self-quarantine is to prevent transmission. Since people contracting COVID-19 can immediately infect others, self-quarantine helps prevent certain infections.In this case:Settle alone in a large, well-ventilated room where you can easily access a washbasin to wash your hands and toilets.If this is not possible, place each bed at least one meter from each other.Stick to at least one meter from other people, even members of your family.Monitor daily for the course of symptoms.Stay in quarantine for 14 days even if you feel like you are healthy.In case of difficulty breathing, contact your doctor immediately, in case of difficulty breathing, contact your doctor immediately, and Calling him first if possible.Keep morale by staying in touch with the people you love, by phone or online, and exercising at home. However, if you live in an area where malaria or dengue fever occurs, it is absolutely necessary to consult a doctor in case of fever. When you go to a health facility, wear a mask, stay at a distance of at least one meter from other people and do not touch the surfaces with your hands. Help sick children follow these tips as well.
What is the difference between self-isolation, self-quarantine and physical distancing?
Quarantine is to separate or restrict those who are not sick but who have been exposed to COVID-19. This is to prevent the disease from spreading at the time people have the first symptoms.Isolation involves removing people who have symptoms of COVID-19 and who may be infectious to prevent the disease from spreading. Physical distancing involves physically keeping a distance from the disease from being physically other persons. WHO recommends that it be at least one metre away. This is a general measure that must be applied by everyone, even in the absence of symptoms or known exposure to COVID-19.
Can children or adolescents get COVID-19?
Research shows that the likelihood of contracting infection is the same in children and adolescents as in other age groups and that children and adolescents can spread the disease.Data available to date suggest that children and young adults are less likely to be severely affected, but serious cases may still occur in these age groups.Children and adults should follow the same advice on self-quarantine and self-isolation in case of exposure or symptoms. It is especially important that children avoid contact with the elderly and others at risk of serious harm.
How to properly wear a medical mask?
If you choose to wear a mask:Before you put on a mask, wash your hands with a hydroalcoholic solution or with water and soap.Check that the mask is not torn or hole.Orient the mask in the right direction (metal strip up) .Check that the colored face of the mask is placed outward.Place the mask on the face. Pinch the metal band or hard edge of the mask so that it fits the shape of the nose.Pull the bottom of the mask to cover the mouth and chin. Do not touch the mask while you wear it.After use, remove the mask with clean hands, remove the elastic bands from behind the ears while taking the mask away from the face and clothing in order to avoid touching possibly contaminated parts of the mask. Do not reuse the mask. Discard the mask in a closed trash can immediately after use.After touching or throwing the mask, wash your hands with a hydroalcoholic solution or with soap and water if they are visibly dirt.Know that there is a global shortage of medical masks (surgical and N95). These masks should be reserved as much as possible for caregivers. Remember that wearing the mask is not a substitute for other more effective means of protecting yourself and others from COVID-19 (frequently washing hands, coughing in the elbow fold or handkerchief and stand at a distance of at least one meter from others). For more information, see the essential protective measures against the new coronavirus.Follow the advice of the national health authorities regarding wearing the mask.
How long does it take between exposure to COVID-19 virus and onset of symptoms?
The time between exposure to COVID-19 virus and onset of symptoms is usually five to six days, but can range from one to 14 days.
How long does the virus survive on surfaces?
The most important thing to know is that surfaces can be easily cleaned with a common household disinfectant that will kill the coronavirus. Studies have shown that COVID-19 virus can survive for 72 hours on plastic and stainless steel, less than four hours on copper and less than 24 hours on cardboard.As always, hands should be washed with hydroalcoholic solution or water and soap and avoid touching eyes, mouth or nose.
Are antibiotics effective in preventing or treating COVID-19?
No, antibiotics do not act against viruses, but only against bacterial infections. Since COVID-19 is due to a virus, antibiotics are ineffective. They should not be used as a means of preventing or treating COVID-19. In the hospital, doctors may use antibiotics to prevent or treat bacterial superinfection, which can be a complication of COVID-19 in severely infected patients. Antibiotics should be used only on medical prescription to treat a bacterial infection.
FAQ COVID-19 VACCINES
What are the benefits of coronavirus vaccine?
According to WHO, coronavirus vaccines provide protection against the disease by triggering an immune response to the virus causing the disease. Immunity acquired through vaccination reduces the risk of developing the disease and its consequences. This helps you fight the Coronavirus if you are exposed to it. Vaccinated can also protect people around you, because if you are protected from infection and disease, you are less likely to infect someone else. This is especially important to protect those who are most at risk of developing a severe form of Coronavirus, such as health workers, the elderly and people with chronic diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, heart, kidney disease, HIV and asthma.
Who should be vaccinated against the coronavirus?
WHO and the Ministry of Health report that coronavirus vaccines are safe for most people 18 years of age and older, including those with other chronic conditions such as hypertension, diabetes, asthma, lung, liver, kidney and HIV.Discuss with a health care worker in cases You are pregnant where you are breastfeeding; you have had serious allergic reactions in the past, especially to a vaccine (or any of its ingredients) or if you are particularly fragile.
Do I need to be vaccinated if I have had the coronavirus?
WHO and the Ministry of Health and Social Development recommend that even if you have already had the Coronavirus, it is best to get vaccinated when the opportunity arises. The protection obtained after contracting the Coronavirus varies from person to person and it is also unclear how long this natural protection is likely to last.
Will the vaccine give me long-term protection?
According to WHO, Coronavirus vaccines have only been developed in recent months, so it is too early to determine the duration of protection they provide. Current studies and research are aimed at answering this question. However, it is encouraging to note that based on the available data, most people who heal the Coronavirus develop an immune response that provides at least a certain period of protection against re-infection — although the strength and duration of this protection is still under study.
When will I be eligible to receive the vaccine?
In Mali, we are in the second phase of the vaccination campaign. During the first phase, only priority populations (health workers, people aged 60 and older, and people with other chronic diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, asthma, lung, liver, kidney and HIV) were eligible. The current phase of the campaign is for all people aged 20 and over, regardless of their risk factors.
I am pregnant or nursing mother, do I need to be vaccinated?
Pregnant women are at higher risk of severe Coronavirus form. But the WHO has very little data to assess the safety of the vaccine during pregnancy. According to WHO, pregnant women can receive the vaccine if the benefits of vaccination in a pregnant woman outweigh the potential risks of the vaccine. For example, pregnant women at high risk of exposure to Coronavirus (e.g. women health workers) or with co-morbidities that increase the risk of developing a severe form of the disease can be vaccinated in consultation with their health care provider. However, at this time, the national vaccine deployment plan has not included pregnant and lactating women in vaccination targets.
Can my child receive the vaccine?
At the moment, children are not eligible to receive the vaccine in Mali. This situation may change in the near future, when we have the evidence coming from the research results. Meanwhile, the best protection for children is that adults around them are vaccinated and continue to practice key barrier measures (wearing masks in public, frequent soap washing, physical distancing, etc.). We know that this reduces the risk of transmission of the Coronavirus in the community and this in turn will protect children and others who at the moment cannot be vaccinated.
Can we stop taking precautions after being vaccinated?
No. Vaccination protects you from getting seriously ill and dying of the Coronavirus. During the first fourteen days after being vaccinated, you do not have significant levels of protection and then these increase gradually. For a single dose vaccine, immunity will usually occur two weeks after vaccination. For two-dose vaccines, both doses are required to achieve the highest level of protection possible.To ensure the safety of others, continue to follow the barrier measures: stay at least 1 meter away from the others, cough or sneeze in your elbow, wash your hands frequently with soap or apply the gel hydroalcoholic and wear a mask, especially in confined, congested or poorly ventilated spaces. Always follow the advice of local authorities according to the local situation and risks.
How can we know that coronavirus vaccines are safe?
Before being validated by WHO and national regulators, Coronavirus vaccines undergo rigorous testing to prove non-hazardous and effective for humans. Thanks to the combined efforts of scientists, these tests for Coronavirus vaccines were completed quickly to meet the urgent need for vaccines against the disease while meeting stringent safety standards. Like all vaccines, Coronavirus vaccines will be monitored on an ongoing basis by WHO and regulatory authorities to confirm that they remain safe for everyone receiving them.
What are the side effects of coronavirus vaccines?
Like any vaccine, Coronavirus vaccines can cause minimal side effects. According to WHO, the side effects reported to date are mostly mild to moderate and short-lived. These signs in some show that the body is producing an expected reaction to create immune protection (although some people do not have any reaction after vaccination and the presence or no side effects is not an indicator of the effectiveness of the vaccine in an individual). Common signs include fever, fatigue, headache, muscle pain, chills, diarrhea and injection site pain. More serious or long-lasting side effects are possible, but they are extremely rare. Coronavirus vaccines are undergoing ongoing surveillance by WHO and governments around the world to detect and respond to rare side effects.
Can a person be infected even though he has been vaccinated against the coronavirus?
It is possible, but unlikely. According to WHO, following vaccine research around the world, several coronavirus vaccines appear to have a very high level of efficacy, but no vaccine can provide 100% protection. Therefore, it may be that a very small number of people can become infected with the Coronavirus even after receiving vaccination. This is expected for any vaccine.Overall, cases of Coronavirus in vaccinated individuals appear to be less severe and less likely to require hospital stay than those in unvaccinated people.Also, factors such as the age of the vaccinated person, their underlying conditions, or prior exposure to Coronavirus may affect the effectiveness of the vaccine in individuals. Also, the duration of immunity conferred by the various coronavirus vaccines is not yet known. That is why it is essential to continue to apply all barrier measures such as physical distancing, wearing a mask and washing hands with soap after receiving the vaccine.
For whom is the coronavirus vaccine not recommended?
Healthcare professionals are best placed to advise their parents on whether or not to receive a Coronavirus vaccine. However, based on the available data, it is generally considered that people with the following health problems should be excluded from vaccination against Coronavirus in order to avoid possible adverse effects:Pregnant women; Lactfeeding women; People with a history of severe allergic reactions to One of the components of the Coronavirus vaccine; People currently ill or with symptoms of Coronavirus (however, vaccination may take place once the main symptoms have disappeared) Further research is needed to assess the non-dangerousness and efficacy of the different vaccines against the Coronavirus in certain population groups. In addition to the general recommendations provided above, each vaccine may require consideration of specific considerations for specific population groups and health problems.
Where can I get vaccinated?
Immunization is the same throughout Mali, in hospitals, referral health centres, community health centres and in the usual places of vaccination in the community. In all these places the Coronavirus vaccine is available and free of charge.
Where can I search for more information?
If you would like more information on Coronavirus vaccination, your health provider is a good resource. In addition, you can consult the following sources:Advice for the General Public, WHOSGreen Line of the Ministry of Health and Social Development: call 36061. Website of the Ministry of Health and Social Development: http://www.sante.gov.ml/Suivre the CNIECS On Facebook: the INSP on the web: there is a lot of false information around vaccines that circulate in the community and on social networks. It is important to look for information from reliable sources and make your own decision based on the correct and up-to-date information.